Blog Post

Why a Private Attorney is Necessary: How to Get Back on the Road After Being Designated as a Habitual Traffic Offender

Why a Private Attorney is Necessary: How to Get Back on the Road After Being Designated as a Habitual Traffic Offender

October 5, 2020 / Traffic Violations

In Florida, if you are designated as a “Habitual Traffic Offender” (HTO), the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles is authorized to automatically revoke your license for a period of FIVE years. You are probably wondering, “What the heck is a HTO?” To put it simply, a person convicted of three charges for “Driving While License Suspended or Revoked” (DWLS) within a five-year period will be classified as a “Habitual Traffic Offender”. DWLS charges can be either criminal or civil in nature. A criminal DWLS is when someone is driving with a suspended license with knowledge. The first criminal DWLS is classified as a second-degree misdemeanor, the second criminal DWLS is classified as a first-degree misdemeanor and additional criminal DWLS can be classified as a felony depending on the reason for the suspension of the license itself. In criminal DWLS cases, even if adjudication is withheld, meaning that a person is charged but not convicted, it will still count as one strike toward habitualization. A civil DWLS is when someone is driving with a suspended license without knowledge. On the bright side, if adjudication is withheld on a civil DWLS, it will NOT count toward habitualization.

It gets trickier, did you know that you could be designated as a HTO without even knowing it? Often times people are unaware that by just simply paying a citation for a civil DWLS, adjudication is NOT withheld and so, that civil DWLS is factored in as one strike toward habitualization. At this point, you are probably wishing there was a magic spell to go back in time and fix this, right? Well, we have good news for you – there is! In fact, a common legal remedy to avoid designation as HTO is by petitioning the county court to withhold adjudication on a prior civil DWLS. Like a vanishing spell, this remedy makes one of the predicate convictions necessary for HTO status DISAPPEAR!

There is a catch though . . . not everyone can use this magical spell. In its recent opinion, the Fifth District Court of Appeals held, through skilled and experienced appeal lawyers, that the office of the Public Defender is statutorily prohibited from using this legal remedy to assist their clients . Meaning, only private attorneys, particularly those experienced in Traffic Ticket Defense, have the power to use this legal remedy to modify the adjudication of guilt in a client’s earlier civil traffic infraction case. Thus, if you have been charged with a criminal DWLS and are facing a license suspension or revocation, or have already had your license suspended or revoked, you need to obtain a private attorney. Better yet, obtain a private experienced attorney like Michael Panella, who has handled over 100 DWLS cases, many of which included serious felonies. Panella Law Firm understands that the loss of the privilege to drive is costly, embarrassing, and creates serious burdens on family, friends, and the ability to work. Call us today for a free consultation to determine if we can get you back on the road moving forward.

Attorney Mike Panella

For Mike Panella, the concept of zealous advocacy developed at an early age – fueled by what he perceived to be an unjust resolution in a personal family legal matter. Mr. Panella would later attribute his passion to defend the rights of those who stand accused to those inequities in the legal system he observed, and considered unjust. Before opening Panella Law Firm, Mr. Panella served as an Assistant Public Defender for Florida’s 18th Judicial Circuit Public Defender’s Office and worked hundreds of cases in both Brevard and Seminole Counties. Mr. Panella was undefeated at trial. [ Attorney Bio ]

Recent Posts


Court TV Law

NY Times

USA Today



Orlando Sentinel